There are three categories of charges that people can face. Each category is defined by the gravity of the offense and the type of punishment that is attached to the offense. The categories of charges are violations, misdemeanors and felonies. The offenses are minor civil violations; misdemeanors are more serious than infractions, while felonies are the most serious crimes. The capital offenses are considered felonies really atrocious by law and often carry the death penalty.
The offenses are misdemeanors that usually involve the violation of a municipal code, a standard state or local traffic, ordinance or administrative regulation. Violations are civil, rather than criminal offenses and carry no jail or probation. The typical punishment of infringements the fines is determined by the jurisdiction where the offense was committed. Violations not appear in the record of the offender. For example, simple fines of excess speed are offenses that do not appear in the record of driving offender.
- Types of infringement
Common types of offenses include not stop properly on a signal high, littering violations belt safety and driving without insurance liability. Other offenses are jay walking, building code violations and disturbing the peace. Any person charged with an offense has fewer rights than those accused of misdemeanors or felonies. For example, there is no option of a jury trial. The accused shall have the option of paying a fine or appear before a judge.
- Minor offences
Misdemeanors are criminal offenses carrying a penalty not exceeding one year. Misdemeanors are more serious than offenses and may result in the imposition of heavy fines. Anyone convicted of a misdemeanor and sentenced to jail fulfill the imprisonment in county jail or local, rather than a state or federal prison. Unlike offenses, defendants in misdemeanor cases are entitled to a jury trial.
- Types of misdemeanors
The types of common misdemeanors include DUI, breach of the peace, trespassing, prostitution, assault and battery, vandalism and resisting arrest. Some crimes are considered crimes “not defined” because it may be charged as a misdemeanor or felony. The determining factors are the circumstances and the skill of the lawyer handling the case. Some minor offenses have mandatory minimum sentences. In California, a third DUI carries a mandatory minimum of 120 days in jail.