A very important part of traffic fatalities are related to the consumption of one or more psychotropic substances. Specifically in our country, driving under the influence of drugs and alcohol is behind almost a quarter of those killed in traffic accident. This is one of the conclusions drawn from the latest study by the DGT, called Druid’13, which took place between May and November last year by a total of 2,932 random checks of alcohol (exhaled air) and drugs (saliva test) drivers on public roads. These checks found that 12.1% of drivers had recent consumption of drugs and / or alcohol, specifically:
- A 8.8% of drivers had recent drug use with or without alcohol.
- A 4.1% of drivers had recent alcohol consumption (above 0.05 milligrams per liter of air) with or without drugs.
- A 3.3% of drivers tested positive for alcohol test without having used drugs.
- 8% of drivers had recent drug without taking alcohol.
- As single drug consumption, the most consumed between the conductors remains cannabis (4.4%), followed by cocaine (2%). 1.2% have used various substances.
Reduced data driving under the influence of drugs and alcohol
These data, compared with the previous study of Druid that developed between 2008 and 2009, note that, although caution should be exercised in the comparison, there is a decrease in positive cases to a substance (8.8% in the 13 compared with 11.7% in 08-09).
This drop-in consumption of psychoactive substances is also reflected in data from the household survey on alcohol and drugs in Spain (AGES) which is done to the population between 15 and 64 years. Specifically the recent alcohol use (last 30 days) according to the survey presents a slightly downward trend.
In the case of cannabis, consumption in the last 30 days it has increased insignificantly form and powder cocaine has slightly decreased. Finally, memory conducted annually by the National Institute of Forensic Toxicology and a sample of deaths in road accidents Science, also finds a significant decrease in alcohol positive compared to 2012 (28.9% vs. 35.1%) and in the case of positive drug it has been a slight increase from 12.3% in 2009 to 15.3% in 2013. However, despite this reduction in data driving under the influence of drugs and alcohol is not enough. We hope and wish to be reduced to 0 in the future.